Historical Perspective on Blood

1445016_72287377In this section, we will attempt to document some of the relevant historical information that is available regarding blood. Then we will look at the modern historical developments regarding the Watchtower Society’s blood policies. Finally, we will look at the evolution of the blood doctrine into its present form


The following articles may also be relevant for those interested in historical developments related to the Watchtower’s blood policy.


Blood Serum – Watchtower Quotes

Blood serum is the clear fluid that remains after the cellular components (red cells, white cells, platelets, clotting factors and fibrinogen are removed. It includes all proteins not used in the clotting process. What follows is a collection of quotes from Watchtower Society literature. This information will help researchers understand the historical development of the Watchtower Society’s policy on blood serums and document the many changes in policy through the years. …

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Albumin – Watchtower Quotes

What follows is a collection of quotes from Watchtower Society literature on the subject of albumin. Watchtower writers and representatives are fond of saying that they have “commented consistently” on albumin and other blood fractions. Their published statements clearly prove otherwise as you will see below. This information will help researchers understand the development of the blood doctrine, and document the many changes in policy through the years. Quotes are presented in chronological order. Our editorial …

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Science and Medicine – Watchtower Quotes

What follows is a collection of quotes from Watchtower Society literature.This information will help researchers understand the mindset that existed within the Watchtower Society regarding science and medicine at the time the blood doctrine was beginning to crystallize, and in the intervening years. Editorial comments are in red. Thomas Edison, the inventor and electrician, of phonograph and telephone fame, has been experimenting with the new light “X-Rays.” and has succeeded in taking a photograph through …

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March 15, 1998 Letter to Governing Body

The following letter was mailed to the Governing Body on March 15, 1998. They never responded. ASSOCIATED JEHOVAH’S WITNESSES FOR REFORM ON BLOOD P.O. Box 190089 – Boise, ID 83719-0089 – U.S.A. Website: http://www.visiworld.com/starter/newlight/ Email: jwreformers@anon.nymserver.com March 15, 1998 Governing Body of Jehovah’s Witnesses Watchtower Bible & Tract Society 25 Columbia Heights Brooklyn, NY 11201-2483 Dear Brothers:

Jan. 27, 1997 Letter to Dan Sydlik

The following letter was sent to a member of the governing body in 1997 prior to the publishing of any information by AJWRB in the hope that it could be avoided. There was no response and the web site “New Light on Blood” came online the following month. January 27, 1997 Dan Sydlik 124 Columbia Heights Brooklyn, NY 11201-1698 Dear Brother Sydlik: Please allow me to introduce myself. I am a third generation Witness who …

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Watchtower “No Blood Card”

The “No Blood Card” that Jehovah’s Witnesses carry with them has experienced very significant changes over the years, as you will see in this article. It was simply referred to as “the blood card” for many decades, then came to be called “the Advanced Medical Directive”. The last major change occurred in 2004, when it was combined with a Durable Power of Attorney specific to each state and is at times referred to as the …

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Debbie Shard’s Story

I was raised as a Jehovah’s Witness in a family with a long history as members, going back to 1910. And I grew up truly believing it was the truth. However, there were many issues, as I grew older that disturbed my conscience and so I want to tell my story. My dad was an elder for many years, when he developed kidney disease. It got so bad that eventually his kidneys stopped functioning and he …

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Control and Repression – The Ray Hemming Story

If there’s one thing that people identify Jehovah’s Witnesses with, it’s their refusal of blood transfusions. I know it was a doctrine that I once believed was right for me and my family. If a medical emergency had arisen, a blood transfusion would not have been an option. I, like many Jehovah’s Witnesses, hoped that such an emergency would never happen. But if it did, I was comforted by the thought that there were alternatives to blood transfusions such …

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Watchtower Approves HemoPure

Watchtower Approves HemoPure (Bovine Hemoglobin) for Jehovah’s Witnesses Jehovah’s Witnesses have long been known for their rejection of blood and blood-component transfusion, even when it is necessary to save life. In a remarkable change in policy, the Witnesses’ governing body announced in the June 15, 2000 issue of its official church publication The Watchtower, that members may now accept “fractions of any of the primary components” of blood.  (Italics added) Previously, Witnesses who accepted a …

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